Energy-saving measures and methods of industrial boilers which industrial boiler energy-saving measures and methods which 1, to increase the capacity and improve the thermal efficiency of boilers and inefficient small compared to the large-capacity high-efficiency industrial boilers, can greatly improve the utilization of energy rate, so as to obtain greater economic benefits. Meanwhile, the cogeneration project enables conversion of exhaust or extraction steam turbine for heating, not only can reduce the loss of turbine exhaust steam, but also help to save coal resources. Industrial boiler thermal efficiency of China's low is a fact that can not be ignored, usually operating efficiency even lower. Therefore, improving the efficiency of industrial furnace hot pot, is crucial for energy savings. In one aspect, by improving the quality of the insulating material, thicker insulation, heat loss can be reduced. On the other hand, the use of secondary air system, can facilitate a more complete combustion of fuel, the effect is very significant. 2, the heating surface to reduce coking and fouling of industrial boiler during running, prone to coking, fouling phenomenon, resulting in increased and then decreased local resistance to the flow cross section. Not only conducive to smoke, but also so that heat transfer is reduced, further increasing the temperature of the flue gas. Industrial boilers and cleaning agent has a good cleaning effect, can be put in the appropriate amount sublimation decompose at high temperatures, with the heating surface of the coke, slag and contacts a chemical reaction can be automatically off after decomposition. Meanwhile, a method of periodically purging is also more effective in the early formation of fouling was loose state can be cleared periodically sootblowing. If the attachment is too long time, will translate into close like fouling, thus increasing the difficulty of cleaning up. 3, to ensure the quality of coal and industrial coal-fired boilers with coal is crucial, its moisture, volatile content factor for the speed of fire, as well as affecting the combustion temperature is extremely obvious. Maintain proper moisture content can be reduced with reduced leakage occurrence of coal and fly ash, coal seam and helps enhance the evacuation ventilation. If the moisture content is too high, will affect the speed and the temperature in the furnace, heat loss will be increased exhaust smoke. Industrial water boiler heating surface for scaling impact of large scale for each additional 1mm, the overall thermal efficiency of the boiler will be reduced by 3%. 4, many factors affect the lower exhaust gas temperature industrial boiler flue gas temperature, within the course of the economizer scale, cleaning up soot neglect of smoke in the furnace wall channeling smoke, poor treatment effect, can cause elevated exhaust temperature. On the one hand, to deal with the heating surface appears slagging, fouling and scale phenomena take timely measures to eliminate, minimize or avoid their presence. On the other hand, on the rear of the boiler heating surface is improved or increased. Industrial boiler flue gas temperature, objectively reflects the utilization of exhaust heat. But not as low as possible, the exhaust gas temperature is too low but not conducive to the normal operation of the boiler.
Pressure boiler furnace designed with the characteristics of the fuel pressure boiler furnace designed with the two main parts of the boiler body is characteristic of the furnace and the fuel pressure drum. Furnace, also called a combustion chamber, a fuel combustion space. The solid fuel on the grate furnace called stratified combustion furnace, also called fire bed furnace, and a liquid, gaseous or solid powdered fuel is injected into the combustion chamber in a combustion furnace, combustion chamber furnace referred to, also known as for the furnace fire chamber, a liquid, a gas or a pulverized solid fuel injected into the combustion chamber of the furnace, also known as combustion furnace; coal particles and air lift to a boiling state combustion furnace for combustion of low-grade fuel is called boiling furnace, also known as fluidized bed furnace; high-speed rotation of the coal particles by a gas flow and strongly cylindrical combustion furnace known as a cyclone furnace. Atmospheric overall configuration of a boiler furnace body includes two parts and auxiliary equipment. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler combustion of the original fuel should as much as possible. Different characteristics of fuel economy will reduce boiler operation and reliability. It is a natural circulation boiler drum and multiple forced circulation boiler, economizer receiving water circulation circuit connected to the saturated steam supplied to the superheater of the cylindrical container. Boiler drum is made of high quality steel plate, it is one of the heaviest components of the boiler.
What are the overall structure of the boiler boiler structure includes two major boiler and auxiliary equipment. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Boiler body is in two main parts and drum furnace. Also known as the furnace combustion chamber, fuel combustion for space. The solid fuel on to the grate, referred to as a fire bed combustion furnace Stoker, also known as fire bed furnace; solid fuel furnace liquid, gas or pulverized, is injected into the combustion chamber is called the fire chamber burner, also known as the furnace fire chamber; air coal particles burn hold it was boiling, and the furnace is inferior fuel suitable for combustion is called fluidized bed furnace, also called fluidized bed furnace; coal particles so that an air flow rotated at high speed, and strongly called fire cylindrical cyclone furnace hearth. The furnace cross-section is generally square or rectangular. Combustion fuel to form a flame in the furnace and high temperature flue gas, so the hearth around the furnace wall is made of refractory material and insulation material. On the inner surface of the wall of the furnace waterwall tubes often laid, it will not burn both protect the furnace wall, and absorb a large amount of radiation heat of the flame and the high temperature flue gas. Furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should be fueled with the original design of the fuel. Boilers running economy and reliability are likely to vary greatly reduced when using the characteristics of fuel combustion. And the natural circulation drum is repeatedly forced circulation boiler receiving feedwater to the economizer, the coupling cycle and supplying saturated steam superheater cylindrical vessel. Simplified drum made from high quality steel plate, is one of the heaviest components of the boiler. The main function of the water storage drum, a steam separator, brine and water excluded pot sludge in operation, to avoid the boiler water containing a high concentration of salt and impurities entering with the steam superheater and a steam turbine. Internal drum means comprises a moisture separator and a steam cleaning apparatus, water distribution pipes, sewage and dosing equipment. Wherein the effect of soda is separated from the water wall by means of saturated steam and water to leave, and to minimize the steam carried fine water droplets. Low pressure boiler used as a crude flap and slit baffle separating element; above except pressure in the boiler is widely used for various types of rough separation cyclone, but also with blinds, steel mesh plate or the like are vapor further separation. The drum is also equipped with water gauges, safety valves and other monitoring and protection facilities. In order to improve the design and performance assessment, often have to go through boiler thermal balance test. Direct methods to calculate the thermal efficiency of the boiler is called n-efficient use of energy balance, the heat loss from a variety of methods to counter the counter balance called computational efficiency. When considering the practical benefits of the boiler room, boiler thermal efficiency not only look, but also taking into account the energy consumed by the auxiliary boiler. Fuel per unit mass or unit volume of complete combustion, calculated according to the chemical reaction called the theoretical air quantity of air required. In order to have more opportunities to the fuel in contact with oxygen in the furnace combustion, the actual amount of air into the furnace is always greater than the theoretical air amount. While air can be reduced into a multi incomplete combustion heat loss, but the heat losses will increase, also exacerbate corrosion of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides generated. We should therefore seek to improve combustion technology, as small as possible in order for the excess air ratio in the furnace so that complete combustion. Dust contained in the boiler flue gas (including carbon black and ash), sulfur and nitrogen oxides are air pollutants, which can achieve emissions targets environmental regulations when unpurified indicators several to several tens of times. These substances emissions control combustion pretreatment, improved combustion techniques, dust removal, desulfurization and denitration. By means of a high chimney stack can reduce the concentration of pollutants in the atmosphere of the area. Flue gas dust removal force used gravity, centrifugal force, inertial force and acoustic adhesion, static electricity and the like. Is generally used for separating coarse particles gravity settling and inertial force, centrifugal separation is often used dust bag filters and electrostatic precipitators having a high dust removal efficiency at higher capacity. Wet venturi - water film adhering water film droplet precipitator ash, high collection efficiency can absorb gaseous pollutants. Since the 1950s, people strive to develop the comprehensive utilization of ash, harm into. The manufacturing cement, bricks and building materials such as concrete aggregate ash. Since the 1970s and from the fly ash cenospheres extracted as a fire-resistant insulation and other materials. Future development will further improve boiler thermal efficiency of boilers and power plants; reduce equipment cost per unit of power boilers and power plants; enhance operational flexibility and level of automation of the boiler unit; develop more varieties to suit different boiler fuel; and improve boiler unit the reliability of operation of the auxiliary equipment; reduce environmental pollution.
April 17, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, the municipal government issued the "Nantong City 2019 air pollution control program of work" ( "Program"). "Plan" is mentioned: Nantong City, 153 Taiwan boiler regulation reform, which involves natural gas boilers, biomass boilers, coal-fired boilers; renovation project and will continue to implement ultra-low emission coal-fired units, a total of six thermal power companies more than 10 sets of 75 tons of steam / hour implementation of ultra-low emission coal-fired boilers.
1, the implementation of total coal consumption control. Strict control of the city's total coal consumption, focus more non-power industry scale industrial enterprises in coal consumption, ensure the completion of the province for cut coal task, the city's coal consumption in 2019 than in 2016 to reduce 2.46 million tons. Strictly implement the "Interim Measures for commercial coal quality management," restrictions on the marketing and use of ash ≥16%, sulfur ≥1% of bulk coal. A ban on new coal-fired heating boilers, and strictly control new coal-fired power projects along the Yangtze River in addition to the common back-pressure coal-fired units no new coal-fired power generation, heating project.
2, to promote the integration of thermoelectric project implementation. Coal-fired boiler with a takeover condition within a radius of 15 km of promoting heating above 300,000 kilowatts of large units and small cogeneration units shut down integration. Hoi Mei Ah thermoelectric Ltd. law shut down two coal-fired units totaling 27,000 kilowatts, the letter Qidong Taiwan 12,000 kilowatts coal-fired units.
3, to carry out comprehensive improvement of the boiler. Establish a list of the city's boiler management. Before the end of 2019, 35 tons of steam / h coal-fired boilers and total phase law or clean energy alternative embodiment, suitable in accordance with the electric power, gas and other appropriate gas the regulation principle; promote clean coal utilization, promote clean and efficient coal-fired boiler , 65 tons of steam / h coal-fired boiler and above all ultra-low emissions and complete energy transformation; promote the transformation of low-nitrogen gas boilers, in principle, after the transformation of nitrogen oxide emissions concentration up to 50 mg / m, and in accordance with the corresponding boiler safety requirements. Urban built-up area of ultra-low emission biomass boilers implement reform; the remaining boiler with all the special emission limit requirements. Boiler renovation project completed in 2019 153.
4, to further promote the ultra-low emission coal-fired thermoelectric renovation project. Ultra-low emission coal-fired units continue to implement reconstruction project for six thermoelectric companies 10 75 steam tons / hour and over the implementation of ultra-low emission coal-fired boilers transformation. (Municipal Bureau of ecological environment lead)
5, along actively embodiment desiccant fumes off white coal-fired units. Huaneng Power International, Inc. Nantong Power Plant, Jiangsu Nantong Power Generation Co., Ltd. Nantong Tianshenggang power generators and Nantong Acetate Fiber Co., Ltd., Nan Ya Plastics Co., Ltd. and other companies implement flue gas dehumidification off white works.
6, the implementation of pollution control industrial furnaces special action. City casting, iron alloy, metal smelting and regeneration, glass, ceramics, tiles, refractory materials, lime, waterproof materials, fertilizers, inorganic salts, calcium carbide, etc., according to the melting furnace, the melting furnace, sintering machine (furnace), baking ( calcined) burning furnace, a heating furnace, heat treatment furnace, a drying furnace (kiln), coke oven gas furnace nine types of trades to carry out an intensive investigation. Closely integrated with the second census of pollution sources, establish a management inventory end of June 2019.
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